We’d like a sure stage of glucose in our blood to feed the cells of our physique.
Our physique has a number of organs and glands that each one work collectively to keep up a wholesome blood sugar stage. In Diabetes, one thing goes fallacious within the organs and glands that make attaining this excellent blood sugar stage, difficult.
For some, this course of is fully disrupted, which requires a rigorous remedy routine. For others, the method is simply partially disrupted, so remedy is aimed toward giving these organs and glands some additional assist.
When remedy and administration assist maintain blood glucose at regular ranges, an individual with Diabetes can keep good well being. However when the blood glucose stage goes too excessive or fluctuates ceaselessly, this may trigger severe issues.
What’s it about blood glucose that makes it harmful?
Blood glucose molecules look precisely like crystals — see the picture under of microscopic glucose crystals. All crystals have one factor in widespread, they’re sharp. They’ve jagged edges that may scrape alongside any floor that they contact.
When there are too many glucose molecules within the blood, they get congested within the small tiny vessels we name capillaries. In these small vessels, glucose scrapes alongside the vessel partitions inflicting areas of irritation which result in irritation.
Consider a small superficial scrape in your pores and skin — our immune methods turn out to be activated to assist heal these scrapes by sending helpers to restore the injury.
Sadly, after our immune cells restore the broken vessel wall, it leaves behind a rougher floor, like a scar.
These scars thicken and slender the vessels, in addition to making them extra vulnerable to accumulating ldl cholesterol deposits. All of this makes the blood vessels susceptible to breakage and obstructions.
If a vessel breaks, it causes bleeding, which might create injury within the close by cells and tissues. And if blood vessels turn out to be obstructed, as a result of a narrowed passageway, this may lower off the oxygen provide from the tissues surrounding these vessels.
Both of these items creates severe well being points within the type of strokes and infarcts in important organs corresponding to the guts, mind, lungs, and kidneys.